Four challenges of the hottest low carbon economy

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Four challenges of low-carbon economy

first, what is low-carbon economy

low carbon economy is an economic model based on low energy consumption, low pollution and low emissions. It is an economic model that human beings can be divided into three types: manual, fully active and microcomputer controlled. According to the spring, change the testing scope of the experimental machine. Society is another major progress after agricultural civilization and industrial civilization. The essence of low-carbon economy is the efficient utilization of energy, the development of clean energy and the pursuit of green GDP. The core is the innovation of energy technology and emission reduction technology, the innovation of industrial structure and system, and the fundamental transformation of the concept of human survival and development

the background of "low carbon economy" is the severe challenge of global warming to human survival and development. With the continuous growth of global population and economic scale, the environmental problems caused by energy use and their incentives are constantly recognized by people, not only the harm of smoke, photochemical smoke and acid rain, but also the global climate change industry caused by the increase of carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration in the atmosphere has been recognized as an indisputable fact

in this context, a series of new concepts and policies such as "low carbon footprint", "low carbon economy", "low carbon technology", "low carbon development", "low carbon lifestyle", "low carbon society", "low carbon city", "low carbon world" came into being. The result of the great changes in energy, economy and even values may pave a new way for gradually moving towards ecological civilization, that is, abandoning the traditional growth mode of the 20th century, directly applying the innovative technology and innovative mechanism of the new century, and realizing social sustainable development through low-carbon economic mode and low-carbon lifestyle

in January 2008, Tsinghua University took the lead in formally establishing the low-carbon economy research institute in China, focusing on systematic and in-depth research on low-carbon economy, policies and strategies, and providing advice for the sustainable economic and social development of China and the world

on September 8, 2007, at the 15th APEC leaders' meeting, Chinese President Hu Jintao, in a highly responsible attitude towards mankind and the future, what are the inspection rules for the universal material testing machine that concerns the Chinese people and the people of the Asia Pacific region? Any instrument must be strictly tested before leaving the factory, and it is a major event for the well-being of people all over the world. It solemnly puts forward four suggestions, clearly advocating "developing a low-carbon economy", which has attracted the attention of the world. In this important speech, he said four times about "carbon": "developing a low-carbon economy", developing and promoting "low-carbon energy technologies", "increasing carbon sinks" and "promoting the development of carbon absorption technologies". He also proposed: "carry out national climate change publicity and education, improve public awareness of energy conservation and emission reduction, and let every citizen consciously make efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change." This is also a call to the people of the whole country and puts forward new requirements and expectations. President Hu Jintao also proposed to establish an "Asia Pacific forest restoration and sustainable management network" to jointly promote forest restoration and growth in the Asia Pacific region and mitigate climate change

II challenges faced by low-carbon economy

one of the challenges: China, which is accelerating industrialization, urbanization and modernization, is in the stage of rapid growth in energy demand, and large-scale infrastructure construction cannot be stopped; China, which has been poor and backward for a long time, pursues a well-off society in an all-round way and is committed to improving and improving the living standards and quality of life of 1.3 billion people, bringing sustained growth in energy consumption. "Development emissions" with outstanding "high carbon" characteristics have become a major constraint to China's sustainable development. How to ensure the continuous improvement of people's living standards without repeating the old path of western developed countries to seek development at the expense of the environment is a difficult problem that China must face

Challenge 2: the resource conditions of "rich in coal, less gas and lack of oil" determine that China's energy structure is dominated by coal, and the choice of low-carbon energy resources is limited. Among electric power, hydropower accounts for only about 20%, thermal power accounts for more than 77%, and "high carbon" plays an absolute dominant role. It is calculated that every ton of coal burned will produce 4.12 tons of carbon dioxide gas, 30% and 70% more than oil and natural gas per ton

challenge 3: the main body of China's economy is the secondary industry, which determines that the main sector of energy consumption is industry, and the backward level of industrial production technology has aggravated the high carbon characteristics of China's economy. Statistics show that from 1993 to 2005, China's industrial energy consumption increased by an average of 5.8%, and industrial energy consumption accounted for about 70% of the total energy consumption. Mining, steel, building materials, cement, electricity and other high energy consuming industries accounted for 64.4% of industrial energy consumption in 2005. It is a major issue to adjust the economic structure and improve the level of industrial production technology and energy utilization

challenge 4: as a developing country, the biggest constraint on the transformation of China's economy from "high carbon" to "low carbon" is that the overall scientific and technological level is backward and the technological research and development capacity is limited. Although the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change stipulates that developed countries have the obligation to provide technology transfer to developing countries, the actual situation is far from it, and China has to rely mainly on commercial channels. It is estimated that China's transformation from a high-carbon economy to a low-carbon economy, based on its GDP in 2006, will require an annual capital of $25billion. Such a huge investment is obviously a heavy burden on developing countries that are not yet rich

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